||Mentawai Islands which is located around 180 miles from
beach line in Sumatra Island, are consisted from 40 big and small islands.
Between them is four big islands which is stayed the person, as the
biggest island Siberut in the north, Sipora in the middle, North and South Pagai in the
south division. All located at 1000 East and 50
South Greenwich below equator line and wide 6.700 km2.
In Mentawai Islands there is only hills which height doesn't exceed 500 meters. Generally develop land, flat with marshy. Also Mentawai to be still famed with his which forests (furthermore for wood entrepreneurs). Many small river in Mentawai, where used as general transportation.
|Mentawai Society follow Patrilineal's society that was called with Uma,
who Uma have meaning living place. Uma is stayed by several person who is still concerned one
another in descendant matter, becomes the center life custom, that estimates and unify.
Even though they build the other house in far place, however communication with Uma remains to there is, because Uma is the main house.
There are three kinds as house in Mentawai:
Main food of Mentawai person the one who lives at Pagai island, is taro, while at Siberut sago and banana. Generally, Mentawai person like eat meat of monkey, deer, pig and chicken. Pig's cutting is regularly carried out in time party (punen), as person's relation sign with world of soul.
Men clothes is kabit or cawat (loin-cloth). That lady wears skirt that made of leaf or the skin of wood. Remnants from clothes cutting is regularly taken to adornment. Tooth is intentionally sharpen and is critical to sharp.
Alongside with development, the society now Laughter to know clothes from cloth. Despite this, regularly Kerei (traditional heal) rarely or had worn no clothes from cloth.
Mentawai quarter similar to with Sakai quarter in Malaysia. Even once there is, but in many matters
there is its similarity. Such as traditions and practices and way of life almost same. Such as example,
a quarter past two these eat sago and doesn't know the rice, to together eat the monkey. The different is
located at method hunting. Mentawai quarter use poisonous arrow while Sakai quarter used sumpitan
to release poisonous damak.
Their cigarette knows. Mentawai quarter smoke tobacco, while Sakai quarter champ such as menyugi.
According to Mentawai person, they originate from Nias. This confidence is based by tale fairy that tells that at period in the past a Nias calls Ama Tawe goes to sea to fish. Drifted in the middle of sea, descend terrible hurricane that drags Ama Tawe is stranded to Mentawai Island in the west side beach of Siberut Island. Ama Tawe rises and it sees land that is extremely developed to land. Taro's tree and sago grows personally and treats without there is the person who plants. Ama Tawe returns to Nias to take his child and wife. He wishes moving and will reside from Nias to Mentawai. It's departure to the new place is followed by many residents of Nias would like to wander. Eventually, those are the one who stays the area.
Believe Traditions and Practice
Mentawai person including animism's follower, that believes the souls. All something which there
is alive. Purpose from the cults is so that is given health and long age.
To arise disease is assumed by vacancy life. While life departure, bring due to sick person. To heal the disease is needed Kerei (traditional heal). Death mean the life went to disappear forever.
||Strong factors in unifying culture of each people is the custom. "Arat" in Nganga Mentawai (Mentawai language) and culture scoop diversified matter that is classify to tradition. Forefather's tradition should be received without accusation, because was fought from time to time, that bleeds meat in life the society as long as for many years. Because that, Arat becomes the norm for life the person, good by personal or in family and quarter. Arat is holy inheritance, because since is first met by grandmother, and its conservation should be well taken care of.|
To obey Arat means to willing to itself are led by tradition that becomes prima's measurement in each moralities. Arat becomes main foundation and the norm in the determination all, the person, animal, the world's phenomenon and chain time.
Arat for Mentawai's society is suitability with world, unification with Uma and guarantee lives full that with peace and peaceful.
Religion / Belief
Mentawai's believe including into Arat. Group and gather from ceremonies were called with "Arat Sabulungan". Sabulungan originate from saying hair, that means leaf. Materials to lift the religious ceremony use much leaves and branches application.
Various of Sabulungan:
Since second world war, had there been many changes, especially at south division. Change that happens scoop the belief and social structure. In others, relation with quarter neighboring, regulations government late decision letter and religious spreading, changed Mentawai culture and believed.
Although now Mentawai society to embrace the religion, however at their believe to Arat Sabulungan have not been scraped to finish at person's heart. One of for example is belief towards Kerei's medicine, more endowed with magical power compare with modern medicines and Puskesmas (local government clinic).
Because that, religious pattern in Mentawai called Bikultural, together live with original religion that is classify into flow of inner-self.
To meet with act evil in Mentawai, to be known as three method:
Because that, in Mentawai's society ruining accusation towards a person should be carried out with carefully, because without strong evidences or in fact of false accusation, then will return to him where accuser eventually pay the fine to the accused (tulou paboko). This matter is the good name return the accused who is accused does evil that is not he carries out.
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